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Larry Lam's Guide Note
KUALA LUMPUR

NATIONAL SPORTS COMPLEX

The National Sports Complex is located at Bukit Jalil, about 20KM south of KL and it spreads over 120 hectares. It was built by United Engineers (M) Berhad and was officially opened on 11th July, 1998. The total cost of this world class complex is RM800 million.
The dream of a national sports complex was first mooted by our second Prime Minister Tun Abdul Razak in 1973. It took us 25 years to realize.

The Complex consists of:


NATIONAL STADIUM

The stadium takes the shape of a giant white elliptical bowl and has a seating capacity of 100,000. The main entrance and surrounding areas are adorned with panel motifs featuring designs of traditional art carvings and a giant 'Kris' (a decorative dagger) - traditional Malay symbol of courage and heroism. This stadium was built at a cost of RM554 million.
The stadium's spectacular perimeter roof structure is of a translucent polyurethane material that is fungal resistant. The roof area is 38,250 sq metres and stands 33 metres from the ground. It provides optimum shelter from the weather for the spectators.
The seats are arranged in 3 tiers to enhance viewing by reducing the distance between the spectators and events taking place in the field. There are also 200 spaces for wheelchairs with convenient access from designated car parks.
When the stadium is not in use, the seats (which are in various colours) create a striking visual effect of a Malaysian flag flying in the wind.

This stadium has a total area of 76,000 sq metres and is a venue for athletics and soccer competition. The 80m X 105m field is girdled by a nine-lane 400m tartan track. The track complies with international (IAAF) specifications. It also features a 9m x 400m synthetic track lane plus a 6m x 60m track specially designed for warming-up purpose. A tunnel access to the adjacent National Sports Institute enables athletes to enter the National Stadium after warming up outside.

The National Stadium was the venue for the opening and closing ceremonies and track and field events of the Kuala Lumpur '98 - XVI Commonwealth Games.

The overall building design segregates different user groups such as athletes, official, spectators, VIPs and media personnel. Spectator enter the stadium through the main concourse, which is at the same level as the pedestrian plaza encircling the stadium. The VIP and press area in the western side of the stadium has a royal box, corporate boxes and lounges. The separate press section includes news offices, broadcast studios and technical equipment rooms for electronic reporting.
On the first level near the arena, there are changing rooms and showers, massage rooms, sauna rooms and restrooms for competitors and coaches. Facilities for competition management, security services and equipment stores are also located here.
A dynamic sound system broadcasts music and messages. The pre-programmed floodlighting system with metal halide lights provide illumination up to 1,500 lux suitable for TV coverage. Two coloured video matrix scoreboards are sited at the north and south ends of the stadium. One is interfaced with the timing and results evalution system to provide information on events and competitors. The other has a high-tech CRT (Cathode Ray Tube) screen capable of providing fast action video displays from local cameras, pre-recorded tapes and TV signals.


PUTRA STADIUM

This multi-purpose indoor stadium is designed as a sports centre and venue for functions such as concerts, expositions, gatherings and conferences. Its sleek facade and broad vaulted roof characterize its universal appeal.

The stadium can accommodate 16,000 spectators on 13,000 upholstered permanent seats and 3,000 retractable seats.

Visitors have open, unobstructed access into the stadium from the surrounding pedestrian plazas as entrances are conveniently located on three sides of the building.

The Putra Stadium was the venue for the gymnastic events during the Kuala Lumpur '98 - XVI Commonwealth Games.

The rectangular indoor arena is built like a black box where no light can penetrate, allowing shows and events to be held during the day without problems. The maximum arena size is 69 metres x 39.4 metres and can be adjusted to various formats to suit different sports activities.
The functional areas are located on the two basement floor levels below the main concourse level, securing the segregation of spectators from athletes, press personnel and VIPs. The arena level has dedicated areas for participants, competition management, technical plant rooms and training, as well as a warn-up hall at the rear which can be used as a preparation area for concerts and also for private functions.
A series of rooms are provided as house control centres for lighting, public address sound systems, broadcasting, commentaries and interpretation services.
Conditioned air is fed through diffusers beneath the seats directly into the occupied zone.
A four-sided, full colour video matrix scoreboard provides fast action video displays and event information. The stadium has an advance sound system which provides 103 dB power and a preprogrammed floodlighting system (of up to 1,500 lux) to illuminate the arena .
The spacious back door to the arena can facilitate loading of the materials for stage build-up and preparatory work for events to be held. The large external courtyard which links the stadium and the training hall serves as a loading area for this purpose. It is spacious enough to accommodate fourteen 40ft containers to enable efficient and speedy construction and dismantling of specialist apparatus in the arena.


NATIONAL AQUATIC CENTRE

The National Aquatic Centre measures 28,000 sq. metres. The fully-covered centre has 4,000 permanent seats and can accommodate another 2,000 with temporary seating.

It has 3 pools (one Olympic-size swimming pool, one diving pool and a training pool) for swimming, diving, water-polo and synchronized swimming. The facilities comply with the standards of the world swimming body, the International Swimming Federation (FINA).

An interesting feature is the 'hibiscus shaped' lightweight membrane roof, suspended from a giant steel mast. The roof presents a floating effect and sends out a sapphire glow at night as the internal lighting passes through it.

The centre can also be transformed as venue for staging mini concerts, fashion shows and product launches with the use of floats on the swimming pools.

The public can use the pools for training or to conduct classes provided the rules and regulations of the centre is observed.

There are two fully air conditioned functional areas above the grandstand. Segregated on two levels and in two separate wings, the north wing is dedicated for VIPs, media personnel and competition management. On the other hand, the south wing attends to participants and administration.
TV broadcasting, sound and lighting systems are made easy by a number of catwalks suspended from the roof. In addition, underwater viewing panels at each competition and diving pool provides better video coverage.
Results and timing are generated through 9m x 6m alpha-numeric scoreboard while lighting is provided by a set of adjustable floodlights with illumination level up to 1,500 lux.


NATIONAL SQUASH CENTRE

This centre is one of the most sophisticated squash centre around the globe. The double-level centre is fully air-conditioned and has a total built-up area of about 7,030 sq metres. The German technology employed in the construction of the courts enable the 10 singles courts to be converted into 8 doubles courts at the flick of a switch. The 11th court (centre court) is a full glass-sided court with a permanent seating capacity of 1,000.

Get together of smaller groups is possible at the 10 training courts with smaller viewing galleries that can house 50-70 people.

The use of 'air trust pneumatic' system on the floor improves the playing surface, by absorbing and reducing the pressure on the knees and ankles of the players (a note for the health conscious).

The centre's scores and results are generated through alpha numeric scoreboards. Individual electronic scoreboards are also available for each of the training courts.
Aside from the above facilities, the centre has a player's lounge, changing rooms, medical and conference room, press centre for 80 journalists, cafeteria and more than 20 lounges.


NATIONAL HOCKEY STADIUM

The The National Hockey Stadium is located on the left side of the main entrance to the National Sports Complex. It consists of 2 stadiums, namely the National Hockey Stadium 1 (main stadium) and the National Hockey Stadium 2(training stadium). They are located next to each other. Both the fields measure 110 metres x 65 metres and are turfed with synthetic 'Astroturf 90'.

The main stadium can accommodate 12,000 spectators, all in full covered seats. Among the facilities available at the main stadium are conference room, doping control centre, media centre, a spectator first aid room, a physio room, a medical centre and dressing rooms.

The National Hockey Stadium 2 has seating capacity for 2,000 spectators with covered seating for 1,000.

Both the stadiums have four floodlights placed at the side of the roofs, providing excellent lighting for night matches. These huge lights provide brightness up to 1400 lux and are adjustable to a level of five. Aside from that, a full colour electronic and manual scoreboard makes public viewing easy and clear.


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Last updated: 28th February, 2003.
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