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Our natural heritage! Ours to protect!
Green turtle Green turtle

Green turtle
(Chelonia mydas) Penyu Agar

The green turtle is usually olive-brown in colour. It is actually named for the colour of green fat in its body. They may grow over 1 metre in carapace length and weigh more than 140 kg. They feed mainly on sea grasses, algae and occasionally on sponge. The female can lay between 100 - 140 eggs per nesting. Each egg is about 5cm in diameter. The incubation period is normally between 50 - 70 days.

Olive Ridley

Olive Ridley turtle
(Lepidochelys olivacea) Penyu Lipas

It is the smallest of the turtles found in Malaysia. Adults are about 60 - 65 cm long and usually weigh 35-40 kg. The top shell is olive-green or grey. This turtle feeds primarily on shrimps, jellyfish, crabs and snails.


Hawkbill turtle
(Eretmochelys imbricata) Penyu Karah

The hawksbill turtle is the only turtle with a beak like a hawk. It has a hard shell made of beautiful dark brown or yellow and brown scales which overlap each other. Adults measure 79 - 90 cm in carapace length and weigh 35-60 kg. They live on coral reefs and eat sponge.

Leatherback Turtle

Leatherback turtle
(Dermochelys coriacea) Penyu Belimbing

This is the largest turtle in the world. It can reach 2 metres in carapace length and weigh up to 900 kg. It is the only sea turtle without a hard shell, having instead a leathery carapace with 7 long ridges. It is black in colour with white, grey or pink patches. Leatherbacks have deeply notched upper jaw to help them capture jellyfish, their favourite food. Although leatherbacks breeds in the tropics, the spend much of their life foraging in very cold seas. They regularly dive to depth of over 400 metres with a recorded maimum depth of 1200 metres. Leatherbacks can raise their body temperature several degrees above that of their environment.


(Dugong dugon) Dugong

The dugong is a marine mammal of the sirenian family (the same family as a manatee). It feeds on seaweed and can weigh up to 500kg.

Blue ringed Angelfish

Ringed angelfish
(Promacanthus annularis)

The fish has a coppery brown body with 5 to 7 curved blue lines on each side radiating from the pectoral fin and two similar blue lines across the head. There is a characteristic blue ring on each side behind the head. The pectoral fin is yellow while the anal fin is white. It feeds on sponges and ascidians and can attain 38 cm length.


(Melithaea sp.)

This extravagantly coloured sea fan often reaches 1 metre and more in height. Its more rugged construction allows it to survive on deep and more exposed reef fronts.

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Last updated: 15th January, 2005.